تنبيه :: عزيزي اذا واجهتك مشكلة في تصفح الموقع , فاننا ننصحك بترقيه متصفحك الى احدث اصدار أو استخدام متصفح فايرفوكس المجاني .. بالضغط هنا .. ثم اضغط على مستطيل الاخضر (تحميل مجاني) .
 
 
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  1. #1
    عضو جديد
    الحالة : مزيونــة راك غير متواجد حالياً
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    Wink بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,


    السلام عليكمــ //




    اشحالكمــ ..؟


    امممممم ,, لو سمحتوا بغيت تقرير عن السيارات وانواعهاا ومنو مخترعنهاا ومن هالاشياء..
    ولو ما تقدروون بس ييبولي موضوع واناا بكمل الباجي .. ^_^


    بليــز ابااه ضروري ..

    والسمووحهــ ،،








  2. #2
    عضو ذهبي
    الصورة الرمزية Black Fox
    الحالة : Black Fox غير متواجد حالياً
    رقم العضوية : 761
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    افتراضي رد: بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,


    An automobile (via French from Greek auto, self and Latin mobilis moving, a vehicle that moves itself rather than being moved by another vehicle or animal) or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. Most definitions of the term specify that automobiles are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to eight people, to typically have four wheels, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods. However, the term is far from precise because there are many types of vehicles that do similar tasks.

    There were 590 million passenger cars worldwide (roughly one car for every eleven people) as of 2002

    History

    Main article: History of the automobile
    Although Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot is often credited with building the first self-propelled mechanical vehicle or automobile in about 1769, this claim is disputed by some, who doubt Cugnot's three-wheeler ever ran, while others claim Ferdinand Verbiest, a member of a Jesuit mission in China, built the first steam powered car around 1672. In either case François Isaac de Rivaz, a Swiss inventor, designed the first internal combustion engine which was fuelled by a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and used it to develop the world's first vehicle to run on such an engine. The design was not very successful, as was the case with Samuel Brown, Samuel Morey, and Etienne Lenoir who each produced vehicles powered by clumsy internal combustion engines.

    In November 1881 French inventor Gustave Trouvé demonstrated a working three-wheeled automobile. This was at the International Exhibition of Electricity in Paris.

    An automobile powered by an Otto gasoline engine was built in Mannheim, Germany by Karl Benz in 1885 and granted a patent in January of the following year under the auspices of his major company, Benz & Cie. which was founded in 1883.

    Although several other German engineers (including Gottlieb Daimler, Wilhelm Maybach, and Siegfried Marcus) were working on the problem at about the same time, Karl Benz is generally acknowledged as the inventor of the modern automobile. In 1879 Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, designed in 1878. Many of his other inventions made the use of the internal combustion engine feasible for powering a vehicle and in 1896, Benz designed and patented the first internal combustion flat engine.

    Approximately 25 Benz vehicles were built and sold before 1893, when his first four-wheeler was introduced. They were powered with four-stroke engines of his own design. Emile Roger of France, already producing Benz engines under license, now added the Benz automobile to his line of products. Because France was more open to the early automobiles, more were built and sold in France through Roger than Benz sold in Germany.

    Daimler and Maybach founded Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (Daimler Motor Company, DMG) in Cannstatt in 1890 and under the brand name, Daimler, sold their first automobile in 1892. By 1895 about 30 vehicles had been built by Daimler and Maybach, either at the Daimler works or in the Hotel Hermann, where they set up shop after falling out with their backers. Benz and Daimler seem to have been unaware of each other's early work and worked independently.

    Daimler died in 1900 and later that year, Maybach designed a model named Daimler-Mercedes, special-ordered by Emil Jellinek. Two years later, a new model DMG automobile was produced and named Mercedes after the engine. Maybach quit DMG shortly thereafter and opened a business of his own. Rights to the Daimler brand name were sold to other manufacturers.

    Karl Benz proposed co-operation between DMG and Benz & Cie. when economic conditions began to deteriorate in Germany following the First World War, but the directors of DMG refused to consider it initially. Negotiations between the two companies resumed several years later and in 1924 they signed an Agreement of Mutual Interest valid until the year 2000. Both enterprises standardized design, production, purchasing, sales, and advertising—marketing their automobile models jointly—although keeping their respective brands. On June 28, 1926, Benz & Cie. and DMG finally merged as the Daimler-Benz company, baptizing all of its automobiles Mercedes Benz honoring the most important model of the DMG automobiles, the Maybach design later referred to as the 1902 Mercedes-35hp, along with the Benz name. Karl Benz remained a member of the board of directors of Daimler-Benz until his death in 1929.

    In 1890, Emile Levassor and Armand Peugeot of France began producing vehicles with Daimler engines, and so laid the foundation of the motor industry in France. The first American car with a gasoline internal combustion engine supposedly was designed in 1877 by George Selden of Rochester, New York, who applied for a patent on an automobile in 1879. In Britain there had been several attempts to build steam cars with varying degrees of success with Thomas Rickett even attempting a production run in 1860. Santler from Malvern is recognized by the Veteran Car Club of Great Britain as having made the first petrol-powered car in the country in 1894 followed by Frederick William Lanchester in 1895 but these were both one-offs. The first production vehicles came from the Daimler Motor Company, founded by Harry J. Lawson in 1896, and making their first cars in 1897

    In 1892, German engineer Rudolf Diesel got a patent for a "New Rational Combustion Engine". In 1897 he built the first Diesel Engine. In 1895, Selden was granted a United States patent (U.S. Patent 549,160 ) for a two-stroke automobile engine, which hindered more than encouraged development of autos in the United States. Steam, electric, and gasoline powered autos competed for decades, with gasoline internal combustion engines achieving dominance in the 1910s.

    Although various pistonless rotary engine designs have attempted to compete with the conventional piston and crankshaft design, only Mazda's version of the Wankel engine has had more than very limited success.

    ان شاء الله عجبك
    المزيد على موقع ويكيبيديا
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automobile




    تحياتي


    دمتوا بكل عز و ود






    Don’t Play With ME

  3. #3
    عضو جديد
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    افتراضي رد: بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,


    مشكووور مشكوور وما قصرت الشيــخ ^^

    ويزااك الله خير ..

    واسمحلي تعبتك وياي .. ^^

    والسمووحهــ منكم مره ثانيهــ ,,






  4. #4
    عضو ذهبي
    الصورة الرمزية Black Fox
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    افتراضي رد: بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,


    عفوا
    ومافي أي تعب


    المهم إستفدتي






    تحياتي




    دمتوا بكل عز و ود






    Don’t Play With ME

  5. #5
    عضو الماسي
    الصورة الرمزية Bint.Mesr
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    MY SMS:

    اشهد ان لا اله الا الله وإن محمد رسول الله

    افتراضي رد: بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,



    السلام عليكمـ *)

    بـــآركـ الله فيــكـ ع الــمــســآعــدة ،،،

    جـــزيت خيـــراًَ }^^






  6. #6
    :: عضوية VIP ::
    الصورة الرمزية إمارتيه حلوه
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    افتراضي رد: بغيت تقرير عن الـ cars وانواعهاا ,,


    شكرا لك بلاك ع المساعده ..





    لا إله ألا الله
    محمد رسول الله



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