Home any level and the area is an oasis of safety and security, it is a place of personal and domestic stability, has exposed family members, especially young children to the dangers and accidents could lead to many deaths as a result of serious injuries and burns, drowning, poisoning .. Etc., which may be due cause accidents home to ignorance and neglect, or as a result of inadequate safety information to the family members, so it was incumbent upon us to address this important issue through clarifying the safety requirements to be followed when selecting site and home construction and provide the browser with some important instructions that help family to avoid accidents in the home, and on how to behave properly during accidents to reduce the losses as much as possible.
In selecting site safety house
1 - must be away from pollution sources
2 - away from the railway.
3 - away from the factories and industrial workshops.
4 - away from oil plants and power stations.
5 - away from land contaminated waste.
Safety at construction home
1 - choose good design to provide ventilation and lighting.
2 - face buildings to sunlight and wind.
3 - Provide spaces space around buildings.
4 - availability of the elements of construction safety.
Prevention of incidents of electrical appliances
Is the electricity from sources of energy and dynamics One of the most important amenities that make our lives easier and more pleased. But despite the many benefits of electricity in the life of the individual and society but they are dangerous for the safety of life and property may be the cause of the occurrence of fires, explosions or death of many people, but the fact is the electricity hazardous to both tolerate or ignore safety precautions and instructions to be followed during the implementation of networks and electrical wiring or use.
Therefore, we will refer to the examples of the factors causing incidents of electricity and damage caused by the methods of prevention
Prevention of incidents of electric water heaters caused electric water heaters explosions and human and material losses as a result of a malfunction or damage to the Althermustat, blockage or damage to a safety valve break from the water reservoir.
1 - Geyser installed by specialists.
2 - validate the safety valve, Althermustat, un*****ocal thermal bulb statement, the index measuring temperature.
3 - separated from the electricity supply in the event of disruption Geyser water.
4 - Develop water heaters in places open.
5 - Conducting periodic maintenance of the heater by the technical specialist.
In the case of water heaters gas may result in death from inhalation of carbon monoxide and lack of oxygen that must not be smoking in the bathroom, and not opening the electric lamp in the case of Cm smell of gas with oxygen ventilation to renew. The water heaters powered by solar safer.
Prevention of incidents of air suction fan
Air suction fan is accused of a key role in most home fires, so it must follow the following to avoid the outbreak of fires:
1 - make sure the closure fan aspiration before going to sleep and should not be left operating for a long time.
2 - must clean the fan to remove accumulated fat out on a continuous basis. But you cut the electricity supply by Phil do so.
3 - choose varieties with high efficiency footballers risks.
Prevention of accidents Aldfallat
May result in fires - congestion - the explosion, and therefore should not be put Aldfallat near inflammable materials, or developed corridor, and must avoid using HEATERS charcoal inside homes and ensure that leakage of gas from Aldfallat working gas.
IRON prevent electrical accidents
IRON accidents result from electrical burns directly or outbreak of fires in houses, because of omission or negligence result left these devices without electricity by separating, or direct touching of the body IRON hot, or flammable clothing result IRON adjacent to forget for a long time, so you should be careful and accurate when using these devices and make sure that the separation of electricity from IRON after use.
Prevention of accidents and falling faltering and slipping accidents are falling from more accidents in the home Cuaia these incidents constitute the vast majority of accidents home, ranking second in terms of it being one of the most important events leading to death after road accidents, and could fall incidents occur at any time and in any place inside home, and thus should follow the following preventive measures:
1 - maintaining close the doors leading to balconies.
2 - Develop barriers and obstacles to appropriate consistent with the safety requirements on the windows and balconies.
3 - must avoid the development of furniture, especially chairs and tables near the windows to avoid the fall of their children.
4 - taking into account the absence of an acute furniture of the parties in the corridors.
5 - Non-liquid residue left on the floor or a wet bathroom floors to avoid accidents slipping.
6 - avoid leaving things on the stairs or in the corridors because that might lead to faltering during the walk and then falling.
7 - control young children on an ongoing basis because the possibility of an accident is for the child during his preoccupation is infrequent.
Prevention of drowning
Drowning could lead lives of children in the few seconds that we must never leave young children alone, without control in both chambers replacement clothing or in the swimming pool and to avoid accidents swimming pools must follow the following: --
1 - not to leave young children alone in swimming pools and without control.
2 not to leave children swimming in the deep places without censorship.
3 - must adult non-jumping in the water only in areas where the depth is more than half a metre, because that helps to prevent dangerous infections that may cause head and spine.
4 - occur in the area surrounding the swimming and swimming, because it is often wet and slippery to avoid incidents of falling.
5 - Angvl on children never even for a single moment.
6 - always remember when you bring a child into the swimming pool, you are solely responsible for his safety.
Prevention of accidents Hammamet
Bathroom tiles wet smooth surface water can be dangerous for the child or slips of, and often lead to slipping fatal accidents, and may cause the hot water bath severe burns in children, may occur drowned children basin filled with water "Bathtub," and are razor blades in the bathroom is the most important causes of injuries of children, has exposed children to poisoning incidents in the bathroom, which often occur to deal drugs or chemical detergents and avoid accidents bathrooms must follow safety measures: --
1 - toilet brushes ground cover made of rubber or plastic to provide rough bottom Bathtub Bbassat rubber when bathing.
2 - must be near the laundry tub or Geographic special use by Almsthm during advancement or move.
3 - Control of young children while in the toilet and shower in order to ensure the water temperature before use.
4 - must get rid of the old code and keeping them in the new park and far not reach the hands of children.
5 - keeping medicines and detergents in a private place tight closure.
Prevention of incidents of children's toys
The cases fall and injury in games used by children inside the house call from the parents to ensure the safety of the game. To prevent such incidents, we follow the following:
1 - must be designed equipment Games appropriate age and physical growth of children.
2 - Ocean surface of the Earth games Mistojbat safety of the most important and best surface is the surface of the sand, which helps to absorb the shocks should be within a depth of 30 cm and to be free of glass and gravel.
3 - warning children not to meddle lighting lamps inside the stadiums so it does not catch the child injured.
4 - Games periodically check to make sure of their integrity and not affected by natural factors, and that all games installed properly and not be prominent parts and protrusions.
Prevention of accidents elevators
Despite the multiplicity and diversity of the means of safety in elevators. However, some incidents may occur due misbehavior or as a result of the absence of periodic maintenance works have something that exposes employees to the risk of detention, and to prevent such threats, we recommend the following: --
1 - the children are used elevator alone.
2 - preventing children from playing Palmassad has lead to a detained or killed in hotbeds Almsatt and vulnerability to infection. --
3 - need to increase awareness of the dangers of elevators in children. --
4 - at the end of the lift must remain calm and act wisely and not beaten severely doors or violent pressure on the buttons.
5 - immediately contact the civil defence when there is a need to help and rescue.
6 - training on how to operate the elevator manually when he stopped suddenly and writing method of operation and its place in the apparent writing phones with emergency contact and load elevator in a banner be installed next to the elevator.
7 - a periodic maintenance of the elevator by companies specializing in specific dates.
8 - Compliance assessments of the cargo elevator.
Prevention of incidents of acute machines
In the kitchen also find tools sharp and dangerous that could be Tede when misuse or when dealing with children from ignorance, and the prevention of injury accidents sharp tools you the following points: --
1 - stay away as much as possible when using such tools and games sharp.
2 - not to leave children toy kitchen tools sharp and keep it away from their grasp.
3 - not to give young children when eating with fork and knife to eat their way sound-sharp tools.
4 - prevent children from chasing each other between the furniture in the rooms and corridors.
5 - not to allow children to take up drinking and devour in pots and vessels are breaking Kzjaj example.
6 - such as school retention tools (engineering tools) within pouches In places for recall.
7 - dimensions of the ****l pieces and the money from the reach of children.
Prevention of accidents propane gas
Petroleum gas product consists of a mixture of butane and propane This mixture does not smell it but add a rule with a strong smell marked drop in for the safety of use. Used source of energy in homes and hotels and restaurants for *****ng and heating, and will be mobilized within the gas cylinders of different sizes.
How to act upon the discovery of a gas leak:
If the smell of gas Games is not trying to deal with the keys electricity operator or stay and do not operate fans aspiration or a match to ignite the line to avoid an explosion your thus: _
-- Rid the region of all persons.
-- Provisions to close the gas valve.
-- Fire ignition sources nearby.
-- Ventilated place by opening windows and doors.
-- Select your source of the leak reform by specialists
Sound ways to store gas cylinders
-- Do not store gas cylinders inside the kitchen.
-- Storage cylinder inside the Treasury court closures and good ventilation away from direct sunlight or flammable materials or combustion.
-- Do not throw or roll-on/roll-off cylinder.
For the prevention of gas accidents
-- Check the gas cylinder and extensions (PIPE - hoses - LED) and ensure periodic safety and avoid exposure to heat and weather factors that cause destruction and replacement of damaged them immediately.
-- Make sure that the rubber hose connection there was no cracks and it is good quality, and length appropriate to avoid the sharp Altoat the lead to Thqgah.
-- Make sure there is no leakage testing foam soap (if Vkat del emerged on the existence of leakage) and distance from the leak detection by line match.
-- Must examine stoves and ovens and ensure cleanliness and non-clogging gas outlets.
-- Make sure to turn the keys of a gas stove operating for a stay after use, and also close the gas source when not in use or when to go to sleep or leave the area.
-- To avoid leakage of the gas when *****ng must be controlled strongly flame within reason so as not Insakb dishes on the stove and caused the gas leak.
-- When you run burner or furnace ignites the first match promises and then open the burner.
-- Provided *****ng device detector for gas leak.
Prevention of incidents of drinking water coolers
Must be installed by the water coolers nomination filter drinking water, taking into account clean, control and replaced periodically as needed, and should be drinking water tanks made of material non-corrosion, and that the design of the reservoir is easily washed and cleaned the exhaust and by the presence of slot Below manageable, and it must be a reservoir of water in place of high and provider Pflatter before entering the water and located away from sources of pollution, and also be sure to clean drinking water and septic provisions of closure to prevent the entry of insects or while or any strange objects inside.
Prevention of poisoning incidents household
Chemicals used for household cleaning, painting, polishing, fuel, resist insects and rodents, phenotypes, medicine, cosmetics, and the children are more vulnerable to the risk of individuals poisoning household chemicals, and for the prevention of poisoning incidents household must follow the following: --
1 - develop medicines and toxic substances (such as detergents and petroleum products, pesticides, etc. ...) away from the reach of children and in high places or places closed.
2 - no storage of toxic materials in the same place, which kept food materials.
3 - no toxic substances in the mugs for drinking or bottled carbonated beverages or dinnerware even a person not covered by mistake as food Ahoshrab.
5 - into paste paper indicated by the name inside each container or bottle.
6 - not to give the child medication that kind of sweets so as not to accept a child to deal with the medicine if happened to be in reach of his hand.
7 - make sure to close the oven and special keys before going out of the house.
8 - Maintaining telephone numbers of hospitals and physician and Information Center medicines and poisons.
9 - avoid inhalation of pesticides or paint.
10 - warn children in the early stages of age gravity touching or deal drugs or chemicals.
11 - Make all family members the seriousness of drugs and chemicals existing home.
Prevention of risks of pesticides
Affect pesticides on public health, particularly for young children in homes where there is the image of powders and tablets or liquid and gaseous pesticides, and affecting the health of young children by inhalation or eating food poisoned or in the case of these materials where spraying is done through inhalation and lead to respiratory diseases or suffocation, particularly when used in closed rooms.
Awareness and guidelines for the prevention of poisoning incidents in the home • Save chemicals used at home in a place not seen in up to the children.
• Keep pesticides mouse marking the inclusion of closed Aohakab closed Awadraj high and in your original packaging.
• seals tend not careful packaging and packaging of the closure provisions always (a child who might find an open drink its contents before one can prevent the child might try to open packaging closed, but this will take time and it will be difficult for the child and then will see one adult and Labor before they can opening) • Do not leave packages, pesticides and household detergents on the ground or under the kitchen or in the basin include low children can access.
• To Every pesticides near food and beverage (it is believed the child she is eaten or drank. Perhaps addresses adult content, without charge to know what is already out) and up to food poisoning occurs for a meal by the polluter.
• do not keep pesticides in bottled drinking water or carbonated drinks, or Glasses or packages normally used for keeping food and beverages.
• keeps residual chemicals and empty containers that do not need.
• Make sure to read the label and make sure you know how to use proper security and quantitative supposed use.
• Keep your hand in counterfeit during use and if left put in place you can enlarge consistently and far from children for fear of addressing the contents Aouanskabha on his body and kind.
• Keep cleaning of pesticide residues which spilled on the floor and I am careful to drought • cleaner packaging and immediately upon completion of use.
• Save packaging security and the place you have known since their presence outside the usual conservation of children can access.
• Beware of household pesticides sprayed on food Awacharab Premier toys.
• Keep clean floors and walls and renovated holes and cracks to reduce the presence of insects and rodents home.
• Use the garbage cans covered so as not to allow children to get their contents.
• contracted with local actors responsible for garbage collection svojo regijo not receive garbage around the house or anywhere else.
• Ti, klinc or not heated or burned-ROM packages. If the localities are burned garbage Do not put this packaging litter, but must be disposed of burials.
• Lack of a kerosene (jazz), Albotasa caustic, powders and cleaning disinfectants in places easily accessible to children (eg on the ground) as well as a lack of fluids such as serious Albotasa caustic such as Coca-Cola bottling or drink cups.
• medicines (either disk or injection or drink), which ended validity date to be disposed of by shifting the water cycle or destroy.
• Before using any medication to be sure his name on the bottle and how to use it.
• mothers teaching their children at an early age not to touch any medication Awallab Ahumadh chemical. And not to give the child medicine as candy, but the child must learn that drugs are medicines for the treatment and the need to take time and not only Ekhaloi taken at any time.
• Beauty tools must be kept out of reach of children.
• be sure to lock tube closure butane well after each use and must be located where the ventilation tube.
• If there was a need for better, thus preserving these chemicals in the original packaging without disarmament step and placed in closed cabinets own.
• reservation essential medicines in a place far from the reach of children and in their own cabinets closed periodically and make sure of the date of the end of their natural and reserved their properties.
Retention numbers and addresses ambulance and poison centres, hospitals and rescue in a place visible. Tel ambulance on the republic's level 123
Prevention of the risks of cosmetics
In the manufacture of vehicles entering heavy ****ls such as lead and mercury, creams and powders may lead some of them to skin infections example lipstick can lead to cancer prevention and advise thus:
1 - Not excessive use of cosmetic formulas.
2 - Choice species with good brand names.
3 - Read the instructions on the packaging of cosmetics.
4 - as far as possible away from the use of chemicals and the use of natural materials such as (kohl and henna).
5 - must keeping cosmetics and dyes away from the reach of the hands of young children.
Prevention of accidents lock doors
Of the risk to children in the home those resulting from the doors, which summarized in the following points: --
1 - back doors automatically cause of the collision which composes the "Dvac."
2 - doors helicopter caused a form of a person other than the visible behind the door.
3 - doors of the Together caused severe wounds or fractures of the hands or fingers.
4 - lock the doors in rooms or bathroom leads to an injury.
We must take the following preventive measures:
1 - made good use of closure so as not to cause lock doors.
2 - not to leave keys in the doors and kept at the place of a clear and well known.
3 - at the detention of a child in one room houses or toilets should calm the child first and immediately contact the civil defence and not wasting time and not break the door so as not to cause child abuse.
Prevention of the risks of carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide-called silent killer because you can not see or cleanliness or Shamma is causing pain or death without warning, and emit carbon monoxide result of combustion-full of organic materials such as wood, coal, oil, gas, tobacco has no such gas in many work places such as
chemical and steel production and the work of welding and cutting. There may be in the home for example, when the operation of the engine and car in the garage door closed when using warm or damaged fuel or the use of coal Grill in the park. Tsenhq When carbon monoxide enters the blood stream immediately to the faster the oxygen and replace it denied that the body tissues, including the brain of oxygen necessary for life and symptoms of poisoning include carbon monoxide gas to asthma, dizziness and confusion, and lack of consideration and hearing, loss of consciousness or death to let God.
Safety and safety rules to help you avoid toxic gas carbon monoxide
1 - Make maintenance devices operating fuel combustion, such as Madfouat working gas or kerosene or wood, according to manufacturers instructions. Entrust a specialized technician to inspect and repair of any malfunctioning.
2 - Every never managed gasoline engines (car or engine cut herbs) involved in the park, such as the place of the garage.
3 - the maintenance of your car in the exhaust pipe to prevent leaks and safer to open the windows of the car a little to ensure the renewal of the air inside the car when the traffic slow.
4 - never useable organs that operate fuel combustion inside buildings or in enclosed spaces if were not equipped with the system of exchange or ventilation used Grill coal or wood in the home so that when combustion of coal, wood or other fuels emit carbon monoxide.
5 - Warning poisoning may occur gas carbon monoxide in any place and at any time.
Prevention of domestic pollutants
Get rid of the contaminants found in the home to avoid exposure of a member of your family to infection itching of the skin or eyes and liquidity in tears and running nose, sneezing or bouts of fire, and I know that these health symptoms uncomfortable, but disturbing. You can start getting rid of any contaminants might find in your home. Particularly whether they can cause these symptoms, and think you maintain the cleanliness of your home by one hundred per cent, as that would suggest to you that there is no vital pollutants (biological) Kjerathim bacteria, and the factors that help growth Ha humidity and abundant nutrients for the growth of bacteria available These conditions in bathrooms and bedrooms and roles legs and carpet in the garage, and remember that pets source of dangerous germs and bacteria if were not subject to medical supervision and periodic follow Olelloukaih follows: --
1 - the maintenance and repair of leaks or sources nominate their water.
2 - Make sure not to leak water for your home from abroad.
3 - committed careful when spraying the garden with water so as to avoid inundation of water points adjacent to the walls of your house.
4 - If you suffer from the problem of running water in your house immediately contacted for Balmokhts Amaljh problem.
5 - Be sure to clean filters of air conditioners at once at least every two weeks and maintained a clean openings 6 - Make sure you are running fan ventilation, and open the window or leave the bathroom door open after bathing. Thereby allowing the disposal of humidity, Hafez including the bathroom walls and floor tiles and squeegees legs and dried continuously.
7 - Use ventilation fan, and I permit renewed air constantly in the kitchen. Keep a clean floors and walls and ventilation fans and tables, food and household utensils. The pollutants can be found in the vital vascular lesions placed in the fridge, so we must ensure preservation of a clean.
8 - laundry room: Make sure the clothes dryer is working on the discharge of air outward correctly.
9 - the basement: Make sure that the wet ground-especially if there carpets in the basement.
10 - bedrooms: Keep brushes clean user pillows and sure to renew the air.
11 - pets: Keep clean pets at home. And cleaner packaging and places of deep and continued periodic disclosure by two veterinary doctor at the emergence of any presentation is unnatural.
Consists of the wheel house pharmacy ****ves multi so content can be divided into groups arranged disaggregated accessible when necessary, and can contain: ****l medical - Scissors small gauze - Bismuth and dried - Srnecat sterile plastic - Jonathan segments of the tape - Jonathan lap of medical tape - bond compressor - ligaments gauze - Cotton medical Jabar plastics, and can retain antipathy analgesics and ointments after consulting a doctor and always should be noted expiration date.
First in the case of first degree burns:
-- Cool burning cold water for 20 minutes.
-- Not advisable to develop spare snow is not damaged tissue.
-- Avoid burning on clothing Rats force.
-- Cover part-fired develop dry sterile bandage across the injured part.
-- Transfer the injured to the nearest medical centre.
First in the case of wounds:
-- Cleaning the wound with a piece of cotton or gauze Sterilized.
-- If the wound is deep click through a piece of gauze Sterilized position and continued until the wound is bleeding.
-- After regaining consciousness transfer the injured to the nearest health centre.
First in the case of electric shock:
-- Electricity was cut immediately after the withdrawal or the electric wire wooden matchstick.
-- If breathing and pulse must drop a cardiac rehabilitation and continuously so that the work of breathing and the heart.
-- The body of the injured cover for heating.
-- Transported the injured to hospital.
First in the case of fractures:
-- Infection control and ensure the existence of breakage and noting signs of its own.
-- Not moving the injured party.
-- The non-use of violence in moving the injured party or withdrawn.
-- Securing the injured party status in the case of temporary plaster availability.
-- Transfer the injured to the nearest hospital or health centre.
First in the case of bleeding:
-- Direct pressure on the wound Bguiar wound clean.
-- Lift the injured member to the highest if not the break.
-- Links dressing well while the member is brought.
-- Parts may become saturated with blood and never change it aside.
-- Can spare parts on the second and the first link under pressure.
-- Control of a trauma patient.
-- Transported the injured to the nearest medical centre.
Dear You have to always remember that in order to preserve our lives and our property, we must make sure to follow: --
1 - Redeemed the fire is very important to care presence in your home - your store - your car.
2 - increased electrical loads lead to undesirable results so well used.
3 - Make sure the safety extensions of the gas inside the house to avoid accidents.
4 - proper use of the elevator ensure your safety and safeguard against malfunctions.
5 - do not leave children alone using the elevator That threat to them.
6 - far from sources of flame electricity to avoid accidents.
7 - cigarette butts lead to major accidents not receive haphazard.
8 - when you leave the house sources confirmed the closure of flame and electricity.
9 - in the event of a fire, God forbid contact telephone for emergencies in the country.
Safety measures that must be available in your home are:
1 - multipurpose fire extinguisher (powder - carbon dioxide) should be noted as follows:
-- Put in place a prominent knew all family members and my head.
-- Put in place can not be tampered with children.
-- Periodic maintenance work.
2 - installation of smoke detectors in the kitchen and corridors and work on maintenance and replacement when necessary.
3 - Training for family members to use safety devices and assembly certain point when hearing the bell.
4 - fund first aid and installed in a place far from the reach of children and believed by some medicines and medical supplies necessary
The emergency evacuation:
1 - Draw a map of the house where the doctor determined from each room.
2 - Select a place for gathering outside the home.
3 - sure to ease open the doors and exits wishing to use the exit.
4 - agreed with family members to the signal to leave.
5 - Apply a special plan for small children and the inability For patients, found.
6 - make sure free corridors to expedite the exit of obstacles.
7 - train you and your family members to implement the plan and discuss them and the Save yours.
8 - trained your children to go out alone and not to hide.
9 - when leaving supposed to stay outside the home in the assembly and refrain from returning home until the arrival of civil defence and inform you end the threat.