Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer and critic large, the title of dean of Arabic literature. Non-Arabic novel, the creator of biography with his book "Days" which was published in 1929. Is one of the most prominent figures in the movement of modern Arabic literature.
Taha Hussein was born on the fourteenth of November 1889 at the Manor "Kilo", which is located at a distance of kilometers of "Maghagha" in Minya in Upper East, and his father, Hussein Ali, a junior staff member in case a thin sugar company, reliable and thirteen boys seventh, Taha Hussein. .
Lost his sight at age six after suffering Balrmd, save the Koran before he leaves his village to Al-Azhar, the disciple of Muhammad Abduh. Expelled from Al-Azhar, and took refuge in the Egyptian University in 1908 and studied the ancient Egyptian civilization and Islamic geography, history, astronomy, philosophy and literature and worked on the completion of his doctoral thesis discussed at the May 15, 1914 where he received a doctorate in literature from the first literary air: Abu Ala strip. Then traveled to Paris, enrolled at the University of Montpellier in 1915 completed the mission. Obtained a doctorate in sociology in 1919 and then - in the same year - got a graduate studies in the Latin language, Roman and was appointed professor of the history of Arabic literature.
He returned from France in 1918 following the conclusion of his letter from Ibn Khaldun, and a professor of Greek and Roman history to the year 1925 where he was appointed professor at the Department of Arabic Language with the transformation of the university community to a state university. And later issued a book "in Pre-Islamic Poetry", which the latest storm of reactions of the opposition. Was one of those who stood up to criticism of this idea, writer and investigator Alolmai large Mahmoud Muhamed, but they had a few discussions about it and Mahmoud were then in the second Sneh university, and ended the departure of Mahmoud Mohamed Shaker of the university.
Storms continued innovation around him, in his books in succession throughout his career, which has not lost its glow kindled never rationality, both when he became dean of the College of Arts in 1930, when he refused to grant an honorary doctorate to senior politicians in 1932, and when faced attack supporters of authoritarian rule in the parliament, which led to his expulsion from the university no longer to it only after the fall of the Sidqi.
Dean died in Arabic literature at October 28, 1973 at the age of 84