بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته ..
شفته وترجمته ..
Dog pet known to mankind since time immemorial. Animals that differ greatly in size, shape and benefits. May not exists on this earth mammal, which differs in size, shape, color, and qualities, just as the dogs. And there are worldwide more than 400 strain, and this number increases day after day people continue to develop new strains, for use in exhibitions and competitions, sports and guard houses and acts of war, police and many other actions are difficult to count. And the dog more animals love and loyalty to man.
Member of the dog Canis familiaris, to the Division Chordata subphylum vertebrates range mammals carnivore canines, which includes fox and the wolf, jackal, but the genus and the type of dog.
Scientists is likely that dogs were domesticated long ago at least ten thousand years, and that was in the north of Iran and some researchers believe they descended from the Asian wolf, when the man kept the Stone Age, Qin wolves and reared me. Soon the passage of generations that grew up Astwnst their dogs, which resemble their predecessors in terms of power and physical structure, and teeth. While scholars assert Aliithologia (behavior) that the origins of the current dogs due to a kind of wild dogs, disappeared long ago from the surface of the globe.
The fossils found in Siberia indicate the presence of animals like dogs in the company of rights, since more than sixty thousand years. There are other indications of the existence of domesticated dogs in large areas, ranging from Scotland, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland to the Middle East at the time of the Neolithic period, which began nearly 9000 years BC. In Switzerland, emphasized the impact analysis, going back to 8000 years BC, that the types of dogs may differ in size and shape of what is currently known. Studies show that the acquisition of small dogs in homes are usually very old.
Dogs are different lengths and weights, sizes and shapes vary dramatically, depending on strains of more than 400 descendants spread all over the world. This number is increasing day after day, as devise new strains with different capabilities and talents.
The West has defined many of the breeds through the mating rated. Vahjnt hundreds of strains, each strain of their own capabilities and physical characteristics. Featuring some of the attributes of its own. For example, Zhao Alchao his tongue black, and Mexican bare no hair has only a small area at the top of his head. And cover the body Aharie coarse texture, but their young Vicu loose skin so it looks very wide for the dog's body. While the Baznge, originating Africa, is the only dog who can not bark.
Dogs and the Pharaohs
Reflect the effects of the inscriptions on the Egyptian Pharaohs dogs attention and respect it. According to these charges to the presence of pure strains, such as the Whippet, which confirms the existence of strains of interest is not mixed or hybrid. The Pharaohs also used dogs to hunt antelope and other prey, as well as in custody but in the war. And dog is one of the oldest Pharaonic breeds of dogs in the world, has found that dogs on the quasi-walls of the tomb Pharaoh Ulad II, which dates back to 2300 BC. M. In the sixteenth century BC, the Phoenicians brought the dog Fronia to the island of Malta, has been settled until modern times.
The dogs Pharaonic smooth height of 53 to 70 cm, and weighs from 15 to 23 kg. Short flat fur shiny brown Thumper yellowing, or red Gan. It was her toes in white foot and white graphic on the chest, such as stars, and tip of its tail like a whip white color as well. And many of them have a white line above the middle of the face.
And browns color when agitated dogs Pharaonic, that is, her nose and ears Almentsptin change to dark pink color, note that the color of their eyes like the color of amber. Dogs have been known Pharaonic strongly senses of smell and sight-fishing, it moves at the speed and agility also Edtha strong.
Dogs are used in many purposes, and the purpose of each group of breeds suitable for efficiency purpose to be achieved. There are guard dogs, which are characterized by loyalty, intelligence, vigilance and ability to ensure, and not eating any food or drink from strangers, regardless of the degree of starvation or thirst. It is also easy training, and has a loud voice to warn the owners to any outsider.
There are also breeds of dogs of war, which is characterized by atrophic body, and high speed, and the ability to jump and attack and knowledge of objectives, enemies and discrimination, and speed of performance without the voice call issued by the enemy to its existence.
The dog show, which involved in exhibitions, are characterized by small scale, and the beauty of composition, and paper and the accuracy of their bodies, and soft voices. This species is beauty, walk in Fteraha Dalal, and moving in the softness and lightness.
Dogs are considered, which leads the blind, of miracles, which are expensive, a descendant of Labrador, and aware of their duties after training for 3 months only. And know the roads and traffic signals and pedestrian crossing places and housing owners, but is defined shopping areas. The strangest thing is they know the numbers riding the bus owners, do not jump Fteraha only in the vehicle that the owner wants, and leave in the place to be fully blessed be God's best creation.
There are domestic dogs, which accompany the family members and know their friends and their guests, as you know their enemies or strangers, are attacked. They also are trained to eliminate their need for outside the home.
The dogs, they have the ability of smell more than other dogs, and has a great ability to distinguish between smells, when they smell the impact of a person they can Taattbah several kilometers, and can detect the smell of drugs regardless of the accuracy of hiding. Shall be taken, including his head of these dogs as evidence in justice, the trial of smugglers or murderers and butchers.
The herding dogs of the most important factors helping to grazing sheep, in the country with vast pastures. They are guarding the sheep from predators and prey and thieves, as they gather in areas determined by the Sponsors during the day, and led to the outdoors at sunset or snow. And often find these dogs if the sheep places covered snow, is being saved before they spend.
One of the strangest kind of dog breeds Labrador, save the shipwrecked and help them to reach safety, which swim and float on the water, including its thick fur prevents them cold, and ready to perform its task well.
There are many stories about the heroism displayed by the dogs, some of them won awards and held by others Thalidam statues, some dogs burst into flames to save the young children, some of whom attacked the killing poisonous snakes, and were saved its owner from certain death.
In Western society, dogs are used sometimes in medicine are engaged thousands of dogs in experiments every year, that way the dogs helped scientists develop drugs useful, and methods of surgical, but some people think it is cruel to use dogs, like other animals, in laboratory experiments.
Are pure breeds of dogs in six main groups are:
1. Hounds (Alhaond) Hound
2. Terrier Terrier
3. Working dogs Working Dogs
4. Hunting dogs Gun Dogs
5. Utility dogs Utility Dogs
6. Show dogs or dogs dolls Toy Dogs
1. Alhaond Hound
Are hunting dogs for hunting small prey such as rabbits, foxes and Ahawadn are either working individually or in groups of horsemen.
This strain not only acquired for hunting and once trained to become tame is the owner during fishing. In her daily life, she prefers the company of dogs from the company of its kind on the poster. When out fishing, they recognize the prey Braianha or her voice can go a distance of 100 km per day. The most famous types Alhaond are:
A. Dachund Dachshund
Including 6 strains differ from each other in color and texture of hair. This breed originated in Germany and educated to hunt Zubzb Badger, allowing cylindrical body of the dog to enter the galleries Zubzb, and facilitate a strong claws digging process. It is still used in Germany for hunting. It should be noted that the word Dac Dachs in German means Badger Badger, and the word Hund Hund means dog.
The Aldachund standard-haired soft Standard Smooth Haired Dachshund, the oldest types of this strain. Domestic animals is a good guard dog is excellent. There are several colors of it except white. The most common colors are red, black and chocolate brown color, shine and is characterized by an extremely attractive, and weighs about 12 kg.
- Aldachund small soft-haired Miniature Smooth Haired Dachshund, similar to the base type, but it is small in size and weighs about 5 kg.
- Aldachund standard long-haired Standard Long Haired Dachshund, with a fine hair shiny Mtahedl on the body, long ears and bottom of the tail. And needs fur sweeps to remain a good-looking, given the length of the hair between the fingers, it needs to be durable and shaving only hindering the movement of the dog. It can be trained to swim and weighs about 12 kg.
- Aldachund small long-haired Miniature Long Haired Dachshund.
- Aldachund wire-haired coarse Wire Haired Dachshund breed originated in Germany in the eighteenth century, and there are different sizes usual or standard size and weighs 11.5 kg, and small and weighs about 5 kg. This strain is characterized by its members that the thick fur short coarse hair, thick eyebrows, and beard distinguish them from other breeds. It must be haircut twice a year.
B. Afghan Afghan
Is the most popular species, and is used in hunting deer and elk because of his great speed. Fur and beautiful making it one of the most beautiful dogs for exhibitions and beauty contests. And weighs about 30 kg, with a height of 75 cm.
C. Bigil Beagle
Alhaond strains common in Britain and the United States of America was known in Britain since the reign of Henry VII of dog hunting dogs hares. And furs of this type of dogs short and soft, and color of a mixture of all colors known. And weighing up to 14 kg, and height to 38 cm, which is a nervous mood.
2. Terrier Terriers
This name is derived from the Latin Terra, meaning earth. These dogs have been used principally to control mice and rats and foxes, as well as in some sports such as fishing, hunting bears, wild buffalo, and hunting foxes and rabbits. An intelligent dog Nabih motivated active and strong, but difficult training compared to other strains. Their young and needs a special method to deal, especially in the first months of life. The most famous types of the following:
A. West Highland White West Highland White
Of the best breeds of dogs Alterrier. The breed originated about 100 years ago, when some puppies born white in the progeny of another strain Terrier is Karen, and there was no welcome in this white race, some of them even get rid of him at birth, but soon formed an independent dynasty.
It is characterized by coarse hair type, which needs to be less favorable as the hair does not retain the least dirty, and ask, comb. It also features a thick tail and a long body with strong muscles and reach the height of the body to 28 cm and weighs 5 kg.
B. Stafford Shire Bull Staffordshire Bull
Strain is descended from another strain, was used in dog fighting competitions. Has defined this kind in the United States since 1870, but not recognized in Britain before 1930. Is violent with other dogs, but very smooth with the rights, especially children. The color varies from brown to black or blue or red or white, or a combination of any of these colors all with white. This dog is as high as 40 cm and weighs about 17 kg.
C. English English Bull Taurus
This strain originated from hybridization Alboldug Bulldog, with Alterrier, in the nineteenth century. The most common colors are white, or white with color on the head, or black.
There is no limit to the size or weight of this type, but usually weight up to 20 kg, and the type small it reached a height of 35 cm, and weighs less than 9 kg.
D. Aliirdel Airdale
Size larger breeds, called the "king of dogs Alterrier." The name indicates its affiliation with the area Iirdel, in the territory of Yorkshire. Have been trained on the old police work, and deer hunting, but now is used a good guard dog and his companion depends on it. It is characterized by coarse-haired dog, the color black, or dark gray. And up to 60 cm tall, and weighs to 22 kg.
E. Karen Cairn
This strain originated in the islands near Scotland, where it was used for hunting foxes and beavers. It is characterized by the kind of dogs Pferaih coarse, and there it white, the colors of many other. Height of up to 25 cm, and weighs 7 kg.
And. Dog Border Border
Called the name of the dog the border, because it descended from the English-Scottish border, where he was bred to hunt foxes from dens. It is not a fierce tempers, such as some other species, despite the natural ability to hunt and murder.
This dog fur and a short rough, needs to be less favorable, and the color red or gray, and weighing up to 7 kg.
G. Scottish Terrier Scottie
Like a Scottish Terrier dog the border in its inception, the Scottish English border, and was used for hundreds of years in the sport. A fierce dog with other dogs of the same type. The most common color is black, or gray, or planned beur. The height of this dog up to 25 cm, and weighs 10 kg.
3. Working dogs Working Dogs
Is a group comprising strains famous in the world of dogs, vary in size, weight and mood. Including what is good for grazing or for the purposes of custody.
As a general rule, the herding dogs are easy training for intelligence, but they do not obey only the person who is only making it difficult to transfer ownership of or accustomed to a different flock. The guard dogs Fbtiip education, but is becoming fiercer by the increased growth. It is often large and need to yards wide, and fit her small house. And types of working dogs are
A. German herding dog (Alsatian) German Shepherd
This type originated in Germany since about 100 years, and descended from herding dogs. And is used widely as a dog police, and therefore called by some the title of the German police dog. It also uses a companion to guide the blind. A highly intelligent dog, but does not accept ill-treatment has a full head of hair is short, like a wolf in form and way of walking and multi-colors (except white). Mentsbtan with ears, snout and long and high, and up to 65 cm tall, and weighs to 38 kg.
B. Belgian herding dog Belgian Shepherd
General name for four types of dogs: the Gronendael Ikenues and Malenois and Terverin. A medium sized dogs, a consistent format, raised primarily for the protection of sheep, but is commonly used now in custody Assembly. The height of the dog from the 55 65 cm tall at the shoulder and weighs about 28 kg.
Jeronendael known in America on behalf of the Belgian herding dog, with long hair heavy, black and feel soft. Alterverin differs from the color of his hair Jeronendael only, which can be red or brown or gray, with shades of black and black face. The Almalenois, also known as the Melanesian herding dog, is like herding dogs, German small. This kind of dog is the only Belgian herding dogs with short hair, and have a color, usually a mixture of gray and brown, with shades of black and black face.
Allikenwis and a dog with a dry coarse hair-like wire in texture, but not curly;, color mix of brown reddish gray, with shades of black, especially on the face and tail. The rare species outside of Belgium.
C. Cooley Rough Collei
Of the famous Scottish working dogs, one of the strains currently circulating. It is also used a dog guide, which is of the form of a beautiful long hair, the color black or tri-colored, all mixed with white. Height of up to 60 centimeters, and weighs to 30 kg.
D. Doberman Dobermann
Created this kind of dogs in Germany, a dog is ideal for military and police work, short hair, and black or yellowish brown. Up to 70 cm high and weighing almost 37 kg.
E. Boxer Boxer
Grew up in Germany for more than 100 years, then moved to England at the beginning of this century, but did not become known until after World War II, when used in the work of the police in Germany have short hair shiny, colorful Light Brown with some white markings and black mask. And up to 60 cm tall, and weighs to 30 kg.
And. Dog grazing Intlndy Shetland Sheepdog
This dog is a smaller version of a dog Cooley, one of the Shetland Islands, which derives its name from them. Pferaih characterized by long and dark black color, and may be three colors, and is rarely black and brown or black and white. A dog with good temperament, good-ten, and is a good dog home, and reached a height of 35 cm, and weight to 9 kg.
G. Rotefilr Rottweiler
Brought hunting dogs (dogs Aldrakp)
Gum Dogs - Retrievers
The hunting dogs brought months groups at all. Which dogs are trained to bring the fishermen fall ill from wild birds and water birds. An upscale dog foul, swim, and is characterized by strong sense of smell, and obedience to the hunter, and speed training and ease of learning, and not fear of gunfire.
There are several species of this type the most important (Labrador Labrador, The Golden Dog Golden), and dogs Spainl Spaniels, Cocker and Springer and Cocker & Springer, and dogs Spitzer English, Irish, English & Irish Setters.
Has some of these breeds have become extinct, or on the verge of extinction, as a result of the disappearance of the sport.
A. Labrador Labrador
Hounds of the famous but now has other functions, such as business crime and drug discovery and lead the blind. This type of dogs, short hair shiny wet-resistant, and can resist the cold and rain efficiently. The most common colors are black or yellow, although there are other colors like the color of chocolate. The height of 56 cm, and weight ranging between 2734 kg.
B. Golden Dog (Golden Rtrevr) Golden Retriever
Uses this type of dogs also in the leadership of the blind, which is quiet by nature a sensitive foul excellent. It is believed that this strain have arisen as a result of hybridization number of strains, and Alispaniel Alcetr Irish. It covers his body long hair crispy, golden brown or cream color, and rising up the body to 60 cm, and weight ranging between 30 32 kilograms.
C. Coker Spanish Cocker Spaniel
Is one of the most popular types of Alispaniel, as that of the smallest breeds of dogs bring fishing. It is also a good house dog, is quite popular with its multiple colors, such as Black Gold, red, blue, dark brown patches of local gray and white. Fur and silky texture, and needs to be careful, and that you need to clean the ears permanently. And up to 40 cm tall, and weighs about 14 kg.
D. Springer Spaniel (Springer) Spanish Springer Spaniel
More dogs Alecoqr Spanish, and know his skill to bring high-fishing. Due to the history of this strain is nearly 180 years. Height of up to 50 cm, and weighs about 23 kg; and light brown with white, or black with white, or tricolor.
E. Seter English English Setter
This dates back to 200 years, and currently maintained by the display or for companionship than for work. Fur and a long few spikes, and is white with black spots, and may be in the color of lemon and dotted in brown, in color or black or white or sepia. Height of up to 68 cm, and weighing up to 30 kg.
And. Irish Setter Irish Seter
Seter also called the Red Red Setter, and to the richness of mahogany color, which may be decorated with a white star on the chest. Is no longer used to bring fishing. And a height of 70 cm, and weighing up to 32 kg.
5. Utility dogs Utility Dogs
Is a group of dogs with multiple uses, including many strains, including:
A. Alboudl Poodle
Is the most popular breeds of dogs benefit, and his name is derived from the German word Puddeln, meaning "to play and back splash in the water," so that this strain were intended to bring the fishing which is located in the water. It has the rough fur of a dog multiple colors, such as brown, black, white, and silver, blue and peach.
The strain appeared small volume for the first time in the year 1895, and no more than a height of 38 cm. And the latest strains of this type originated in the fifties of this century, and no more than a height of 28 cm.
Thick hair and it does not sheds, which does not vary by class, but it needs to be combed regularly to maintain appearance. Dogs and the supply of this type shave her hair in the form of lion's mane of hair. The shaving such place in the past mainly to protect the dog from the cold water, which may be exposed to during his movement ever.
B. Lhasa Apso Lhasa Apso
Also called dog Tibet Tibetan Apso, a good dog control, has long coarse fur; of color often either a golden-colored honey. A small dog-sized, no more than 28 cm height.
C. Shih Tzu Chi Tzu
This strain originated in the Far East, and was closely related to a dog of Tibet. Have reached this strain to Europe in the thirties of this century, but did not gain popularity only in the fifties. This dog is characterized by Pferaih thick, coarse, long hair, which is descending on the eyes and makes the dog appear larger than its real size, while it is small weighing about 7 kg.
D. Chow Chow Chow Chow
This strain originated mainly in China, where they raised for their fur and meat. Also used for hunting and guard dragging skis on the ice. Characterized by thick fur is usually red, and may be black or blue, and the hallmark of this dog is a black tongue. And the least height of the dogs of this strain 45 cm, and weighs about 28 kg.
6. Toy dogs Toy Dogs
As can be seen from its name, the dogs of this small group, which includes a set of marquee names such as Yorkshire Terrier, knight of King Charles of Spain, and Chi Hua Hua, bikini and others.
These strains suitable for owners of modern life, leisure, and small spaces and modern apartment, as well as villas with extensive gardens. Most members of this group can adapt easily, on the lack of movement in the limited space.
A. Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Keep these dogs in the mines of the territory of Yorkshire for more than 50 years to catch mice, and was greater than it is now, and her hair is shorter, and weigh about 3 kg. When used in the show and beauty contests should be up her hair to the ground, which requires intensive care and sweep Alttmir daily. Following the end of the hair cutting competitions to become easier to control it.
B. Spanish knight of King Charles Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
One of the largest toy dogs, and was beloved of King Charles II of England named after him. A dog with a likable tempers calm. It may be the color black or brown or dark red, or three-color; hair and long silky texture. And weighing up to about 8 kg. There are also white in color which is brown patches have hybridization Duke and Duchess of Marlaud in Blenheim Palace, where he was the name of this palace on the new color for this dog.
C. Chi Hua Hua Chi Hua Hua
This dog originated in Mexico, has been included on two different lineage: the soft-haired, a genuine long hair, and two strains can be born in a carry one. This dog and weighs about 2 kg, with multiple colors.
D. Bikini Pekinese
This type of dogs in the offices of an ancient Chinese emperors and taken to England in 1860, which gave to Queen Victoria. These dogs are characterized by long thick hair take any color, and weight up to 5.5 kg. It is famous for her love for dogs to demonstrate.
E. Albomirenyan Pomeranians
The strain of origin of these dogs is greater than the current strain, weighing up to 14 kg, but the hybrids with smaller individuals led to the emergence of individuals and weighs less than 5.3 kg, which prevailed until now. There are of this strain twelve different colors, but the most common orange or black Alvahm
Grew up in Germany and used primarily for grazing livestock and guard against predators. It is now used sniffer dogs to guard. It is easy training. Fur is often white, black markings distinct. The altitude of up to 70 cm, and is one of the breeds heavy weight, has been stalled weight of about 40 50 kg on average.