the population of Lebanon was estimated to be 4,017,095 in July 2010, however no official census has been taken since 1932 due to the sensitive confessional political balance between Lebanon's various religious groups.
Arts and literature
By the turn of the 20th century, Beirut was vying with Cairo to be the major center for modern Arab thought, with many newspapers, magazines and literary societies.
In literature, Khalil Gibran, who was born in Bsharri, is particularly known for his book The Prophet, which has been translated into more than twenty different languages. Several contemporary Lebanese writers have also achieved international success; including Elias Khoury, Amin Maalouf, and Hanan al-Shaykh.
In art, Moustafa Farroukh was one of Lebanon's most prominent painters of the 20th century. Formally trained in Rome and Paris, he exhibited in venues from Paris to New York to Beirut over his career.
Many more interesting and contemporary artists are currently active , such as Walid Raad a contemporary media artist currently residing in New York.
Ashkal alwan, the Lebanese association for plastic arts , is a platform for the creation and exchange of artistic practices. As a non-profit, the association is committed to education, production, support and circulation of creative and intellectual endeavors rooted in an engagement with civil society.
The Lebanese Association for Plastic Arts, Ashkal Alwan was founded in 1994 by Christine Tohme (Curator), Marwan Rechmaoui (Artist), Rania Tabbara (Graphic Designer and Interior Designer), Mustapha Yamout (Cultural Events Organizer) and Leila Mroueh (Communications Director). Initially, Ashkal Alwan promoted and introduced the work of artists who have been engaged in critical art practices within the context of post-war Lebanon.
the Home Works Forum is a multidisciplinary platform that takes place in Beirut, Lebanon about every other year. it has evolved into one of the most vibrant platforms for research and exchange on cultural practices in the region and beyond.
The main languages being taught in schools and universities are listed as: Arabic, PersianFrench and English.
Music is pervasive in Lebanese society. While traditional folk music remains popular in Lebanon, modern music reconciling Western and traditional Arabic styles, pop, and fusion are rapidly advancing in popularity. Radio stations feature a variety of music, including traditional Lebanese, classical Arabic, and modern French, English, American, and Latin tunes. Prominent traditional musicians include Fairuz, an icon during the civil war, Sabah, Wadih El Safi, Majida El Roumi , Najwa Karam,and Nawal Al Zoghbi who built an international audience for the genre. Marcel Khalife, a musician who blends classical Arab music with modern sounds, boasts immense popularity for his politically charged lyrics Distinguished pop artists include Nancy Ajram, whose albums sell into the millions, Haifa Wehbe, The 4 Cats—an all-female group—, Fadl Shaker and Elissa who reportedly sold millions of copies in the ME and won three World Music Awards becoming the first and only Arabic artist to achieve this.
According to the World Intellectual Property Organization, Lebanon's music industry is growing and could attain leading status in the region. Lebanese performers are celebrated throughout the Arab World, and with the notable exception of Egypt enjoy increasing regional popularity. Rising demand for Arabic music outside Western Asia has provided Lebanese artists with a small but significant global audience. However, widespread piracy continues to inhibit the music industry's growth.
Lebanon's population is estimated to be 59.7% Muslim (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite, or Nusayri), 39% Christian ( Syriac Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syriac Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), and 1.3% Other Over the past 60 years, there has been a steady decline in the number of Christians as compared to Muslims, due to higher emigration rates among Christians, and a higher birth rate among the Muslim population. The most recent study conducted by Statistics Lebanon, a Beirut-based research firm, found that approximately 28% of the population was Sunni, 28% Shi'a, 21.5% Maronite, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Druze, and 4%Greek Catholic.
There are 18 state-recognized religious sects - 4 Muslim, 12 Christian, 1 Druze, and 1 Jewish..
he Shi'a community has been estimated to be between 28% and 40% of Lebanon's total population, and is often described as being the largest of Lebanon's Muslim communities, or the largest of the 18 recognized religious sects in Lebanon.] Shi'a residents primarily live in West Beirut, the Beqaa Valley, andsouthern Lebanon.
The Sunni community is estimated to be 28% of Lebanon's total population. Sunni residents primarily live in West Beirut, the southern coast of Lebanon, and northern Lebanon.
The Maronite community is estimated to be approximately 21.5% of Lebanon's total population. Maronite residents tend to live in East Beirut and the mountains of LebanonThey are the largest Christian community in Lebanon
The Greek orthodox community is estimated to be approximately 8% of Lebanon's total population. Greek orthodox residents primarily live in Koura, Beirut, Zahleh, Rachaya, Matn, Aley, Akkar, Tripoli, Hasbaya and Marjeyoun. They are the second largest Christian community in Lebanon and the forth largest religious community in the country.
About Lebanese Food
Which is characterized by the Lebanese in the art of *****ng, but most famous for its (adsorbent) Lebanese fast, especially the tabbouleh, Alhebrp faith, glomus disks, hummus dip, marinated eggplant, grapes Yalzi paper, sausages fried with pine nuts, French fries ..
And is famous for every region of Lebanon Boclat famous and rich and delicious without the others, but all share in decorating the table Lebanese tastefully.
Almagdrp and Almkbossp
It is characterized by people of the south dishes rail using the lentils are called "Almagdrp" black and red, yellow and Almkbossp, as characterized by women of the South by beating the meat, Valhamp Almedkoukp on the "slab" - a font of special sound the meat will and emptied completely of any deposits and to keep the meat that become soft and tender - is one of the best and most delicious made at the Lebanese mezze, Valmazp is "Alhebrp faith" and "Scourer" or "Almlessp" is not a Mazp Lebanese Valafrakp Almlessp and added it made a special seasoning of cumin love where Ishrk dazzle the taste and color.
With holidays thrive Beirut, where he gathered the family in the house of a grandfather or grandmother, Uwenhmk all morning making pastry with cheese, and then preparing for the table Beirut rich that make you love feast and Oclath, Fraihp mallow Beirut fragrance all over the streets Vtattr atmosphere of the feast, and there is a "Moroccan" Mixed Beirut magic with boiled chicken pieces, and of course not without table feast of rice and chicken dish stuffed reddish.
If we're going to "spots" the land of good things and food municipal health, we find the smell of bread Assidah baked on the tin, as well as the smell of baking oven, which hangs in the parts of easy old, where is famous for this area industry all dairy products from milk and cheese, and breakfast is not surprising to see plate block of submerged in olive oil and cheese with fresh bread.
In the "Baalbeck" was linked to the main dishes of Lebanon a "plate Baalbakiya" which consists of pieces of meat Almfire and add the spices, tomatoes, onions, and extend on the dough, and all this in front of you and within a few minutes, where does not pass one of the city of Baalbek, without Tzhrh smell and stops for a taste.
The people of the City of the Sun Breakfast is the "Municipal Kiosk," which brings in the homes of natural milk and dried on the roofs of the houses in the sun, taste delicious and tastier dish my booth.
Traditional costume of Lebanese heritage, which is a
Crwalof man in addition to Shimla which damage to the waist
And a flowing robe for women and do not forget the clown, which is placed on the head